Bali has a rich and colorful nature with beautiful rice fields, mountains, rain forests, volcanoes, lakes and rivers and coral reefs in clear seawater. The climate is extremely pleasant throughout the year, both in the rainy season and in the dry periods. Even in the rainy season, Bali is a great place to visit as tropical showers can be short and the temperature always stays around 28° C.
Bali is one of the 13,677 islands of Indonesia. It covers an area of over 5,560 km2 and has about 3 million inhabitants. From west to east the distance is about 145 km and the distance from north to south is about 85 km. The spoken language is Bahasa Indonesia and the currency is the Indonesian Rupiah (Rph), however the USD is also widely accepted.
Bali has many volcanoes. The chain of volcanoes determines the relief of the Balinese landscape. The highest peak on the island is Gunung Agung (Mount Agung), the Holy Volcano (3,100m). Another famous volcano and tourist attraction is the Gunung Batur (1,700m). Both are situated in the North-East. Bali has a varied landscape due to past volcanic activity and the tropical climate. The volcanic soil is very fertile, as a result of which various plants, trees and crops grow in abundance. Agriculture is an important source of income. The most important Balinese crop is rice and here one can find the famous sawas; wet rice fields which are mainly laid out in stepped terraces. Other important crops are coffee, tobacco, spices and fruit.
The Southern part of Bali is relatively flat. Situated close to the capital of Denpasar are the major tourist areas such as Kuta and Sanur. The Balinese people mainly live outdoors, both at work and at home in the village. More than 85% of the islanders live and work in the countryside, 10% are employed in the tourism industry.